Broken-dam flow over a containment dike

Greenspan and Young (1978) presented experimental results of the surge front of a fluid column (8x9in) that collapses under the influence of gravity and subsequently impacts a containment dike. The dike is placed at 18in from the left side of the fluid column.

After impact, the fluid piles up and pours over a dike while a wave returns toward the region of initial collapse, all in less than 1s.

Experimental results (Greenspan and Young, 1978)